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Adopting the Use of Biogas as a Renewable Energy Source in Bui Division of Cameroon: Challenges and Blueprints

Fondufe N Y.


The adequate supply of renewable energy remains a major challenge in the 21st Century. This has been the reason behind the clarion call by the international community for the increasing adoption of renewable energy technologies so as to guarantee energy sufficiency in the future. Bui Division of Cameroon could be counted as one of the major cattle or livestock kingdoms of Cameroon. Its huge cattle population holds enormous potential for the development of biogas through the use of cattle dung. The communities of Bui Division largely rely on eucalyptus as their main source of fuel wood. Eucalyptus has been described as an “environmental terrorist” because it has been blamed for the much witnessed watershed degradation in the division. Biogas is seen as a way of providing clean energy, which is renewable and has multiple socio-economic and environmental benefits. This study makes use of field observations, focus group discussions, the interview of 90 persons drawn from all the six subdivisions that make up Bui Division, and the consultation of related literature on biogas production to evaluate the benefits of this initiative, examine the challenges and un-grasped opportunities of biogas technology which is feasible in this part of Cameroon. A major factor behind the timid adoption of this initiative revolves around a host of technical, economic, sociocultural and institutional challenges. The study suggests blueprints for overcoming these challenges and ensure the increasing adoption of this innovation by the population of Bui Division, not only by making use of cattle dung, but also in managing their household and human wastes to provide raw materials for the biogas plant.

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