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Analysis of the Main Innovations in Directive 2015/1513 on Renewable Energy

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

This article assesses the main innovations in the newly adopted Directive 2015/1513 on renewable energy and biofuels in the EU transport sector. It analyses the strengths and weaknesses of this legal framework and reflects on possible future elaborations of the EU approach to renewable energy and sustainable biofuels in the transport sector. These developments must be in balance with the production of food and non-edible products, with environmental protection, biodiversity, and the ecological limits of our planet. In the opinion of the author, Directive 2015/1513 is not likely to resolve the numerous challenges regarding biofuels for the EU transport sector. It might be erroneous to rely much on advanced types of biofuels, such as biofuels made from waste, algae and forest residues: future research might show that it is not realistic to supply the EU transport sector with the desirable amounts of these biofuels, because of limitations in the feedstocks. Improvements in the production process are evidently needed for biofuels, in order to increase their sustainability of production volumes and quality.

Evgenia Pavlovskaia, Law Faculty, Lund University, Sweden. Email: <>. Acknoledgments: The author would like to thank the Law Faculty at Lund University, Sweden, for providing extremely convenient research conditions. She also expresses her gratitude to Elsa Eschelsson’s Funding for its charitable financial support.


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